BioMed Central Summary: Adoption of a combination of five key healthy behaviors is associated with a reduction in the risk of developing bowel cancer.
Researchers quantified the impact of combined multiple healthy lifestyle behaviors on the risk of developing bowel cancer, and found that this impact is stronger in men than in women.
Researchers from the German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke quantified the impact of combined multiple healthy lifestyle behaviors on the risk of developing bowel cancer, and found that this impact is stronger colorectal cancer family history men than in women. Each person can contribute a lot to avoid cancer, the more healthy lifestyle changes, the better.
Previous studies have identified links between the cancer frequency rates and western lifestyles.
However, most research has focused on isolated lifestyle behaviors, such as eating red meat, while little is known about the combined impact of lifestyle factors beyond their individual effects. The research published in the open access journal BMC Medicine analyzed the data ofmen and women from 10 countries from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition EPIC cohort study using a healthy lifestyle index.
Over the year study period, 3, cases of bowel cancer were recorded. The healthy lifestyle index was composed by the following lifestyle factors: a healthy weight; low abdominal fat; participating in regular physical activity; not smoking and limiting alcohol; and a diet high in fruits, vegetables, fish, yoghurt, nuts and seeds, and foods rich in fiber, and low amounts of red and processed colorectal cancer family history.
For each of the five behaviors, study subjects were assigned one point for having the healthy factor and zero for not having the healthy factor.
Colorectal cancer family history
These points were then summed to generate a cumulative score for each participant. Krasimira Aleksandrova, says: "Our data confirmed that with an increasing number of healthy lifestyle behaviors the risk that a person will have of developing bowel cancer decreases.
The authors noted a difference between men and women. Our results particularly demonstrate the potential for prevention in men who are at a higher risk of bowel cancer than women.
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Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Combined impact of healthy lifestyle factors on colorectal cancer: a large European cohort study.